Religion still plays a role in shaping communal worldviews, attitudes and politics around the world. COUNTRY DESCRIPTION; Afghanistan: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim … The total number of countries with “high” or “very high” levels of government restrictions has been mounting as well. Publics in other regions of the world are generally more favorable of a more important role for religion, including 51% in the U.S. A median of 44% across the seven Asia-Pacific countries polled favor a greater role for religion in their nations. In a handful of countries, there are not enough people in the “very important” or “somewhat/not too/not at all” categories to accurately test for significance. The notable exception to this trend is the Philippines, where young adults are 15 points more likely to approve of an increased role for religion. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. And about two-thirds of South Africans also favor a more important role of religion. Hinduism. Roughly half of Europeans surveyed (a median of 52%) say religion plays a less important in their country. Christian beliefs vary greatly: ... Jewish, Sikh, and other religions, and the creator God in Deism who has since disappeared, polytheistic pantheons of deities, the Goddess and God of Wicca, etc. About two-in-ten say there has been no change. Followers of Hinduism are known as Hindus, and it has been practiced in one way or another for more than 4000 years, perhaps even longer. Since 2007, there has been a remarkably sharp trend away from religion. The French public is split on this question, with 38% who say religion plays a less important role and 39% who say it has a more important role today. While government use of force against religious groups decreased in the region, both harassment of religious groups and physical violence against minority groups went up. Although most Americans say that religion is important in their lives, that doesn't mean that all of them attend religious services. Adults in the Asia-Pacific region are split on the role religion has to play in their societies. .css-tadcwa:hover{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Magnús Sannleikur - @media screen and (max-width:767px){.css-ij9gf6 .date-separator{display:none;}.css-ij9gf6 .date-updated{display:block;width:100%;}}published on 11/11/20. In Nigeria, there are also significant differences on this issue between the views of Nigerian Muslims and Christians. On the other hand, religion declined in most high-income countries. The biggest age difference is in Italy, where there is a 25 percentage point gap between older and younger Italian adults. China has been near the top of the list of the most restrictive governments in each year since the inception of the study, and in 2018 it reached a new peak in its score (9.3 out of 10). Thank you! Most of the countries where Islam, or a sect of Islam, is the state religion are in the Middle East and North Africa region (59%), including Saudi Arabia and all of its neighbors. Globally, those who say that religion is very important in their lives are especially in favor of a major role for religion in society. Christians and Muslims throughout the world experienced harassment in more countries than any other religious groups in 2018. Support Aleteia with as little as $1. The countries can be further defined by 1,800 major cities and 3,000 provinces. Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World. .css-1q1joro{font-weight:400;}Christians and Muslims throughout the world experienced harassment in more countries than any other religious groups in 2018. Field values are determined through extensive research and are verified for consistency of definition and interpretation, and are implemented consistently on a worldwide basis. Contrary to the other two world-leading religions, Hinduism believes in many gods and is a so-called polytheistic religion. Older adults are more supportive of a more important role for religion in 10 countries. The study looks at the year 2018 and finds that the global median level of government restrictions on religion — laws, policies and actions by officials that impinge on religious beliefs and practices — continued to climb, reaching an all-time high since the Pew Research Center began tracking these trends in 2007. Almost three-quarters in Kenya and Nigeria (both 74%) favor an increased role of religion. A Changing World: Global Views on Diversity, Gender Equality, Family Life and the Importance of Religion, So far, Trump has granted clemency less frequently than any president in modern history, How people around the world see the U.S. and Donald Trump in 10 charts. Majorities in both the U.S. (58%) and Canada (64%) say religion has a less important role than it did 20 years ago. It is difficult to conduct a reliable analysis of statistical significance in countries where the vast majority of respondents are concentrated at one end of the question of how important religion is to them. Sub-Saharan Africa was the only other region to experience an increase in its median level of government restrictions in 2018 (from 2.6 to 2.7), reaching a new high following a steady rise in recent years. ). (+1) 202-419-4300 | Main In virtually every high-income country, religion has continued to decline. We need you. However, it’s important to note that roughly a quarter of Christian respondents (26%) say there has been no change in the relative importance of religion in Nigeria, compared with 5% of Nigerian Muslims. Sponsored link. A median of almost four-in-ten (39%) are supportive of this change. Some allow the state religion to exist but are heavily persecuting all others. Find out how Christmas Traditions and how Christmas is celebrated in lots of different countries and cultures around the world! Open the Doors and See All the Americans. In 2007, the first year of the study, the global median score on the Government Restrictions Index (a 10-point scale based on 20 indicators) was 1.8. Learn to pray with the early Church and to di... How Bl. This includes China, which continued to have the highest score on the Government Restrictions Index (GRI) out of all 198 countries and territories in the study. Seven-in-ten or more in all three of these nations say religion is very important in their lives, which is related to views about the importance of religion. And in Burundi, a Christian man died after he was imprisoned and allegedly beaten by police for refusing — on the basis of his religious conscience — to register to vote. But this age gap also exists in both Canada and the U.S., where there are gaps of 19 and 22 percentage points, respectively, between those ages 18 to 29 and those 50 and older. Education level plays a role in how some sub-Saharan African and Latin American respondents evaluate the importance of religion. After some fluctuation in the early years, the median score has steadily risen since 2011 and now stands at 2.9 for 2018, the most recent full year for which data is available. Roughly one-third of adults in Europe (median of 32%) favor a more important role for religion, while a similar percentage (33%) are opposed. 6706. The World Religion Database has extensive data on the world’s 234 countries and 22 United Nations regions. Religion also plays an important role in the lives of older Americans (88%), Canadians (76%), and Britons (60%). In our list below, we provide an overview of the c… (See Overview for more on the connection between responses to the question of religious importance and whether religion has a more important role to play.) If you’re reading this article, it’s thanks to the generosity of people like you, who have made Aleteia possible. It only takes a minute. The Blessed Virgin Mary, Our Lady of the Miraculous Medal. The increase in government restrictions reflects a wide variety of events around the world, including a rise from 2017 to 2018 in the number of governments using force — such as detentions and physical abuse — to coerce religious groups. Publics in other regions of the world are generally more favorable of a more important role for religion, including 51% in the U.S. A median of 44% across the seven Asia-Pacific countries polled favor a greater role for religion in their nations. Pew Research Center published annual survey of government restrictions on religion. At the same time, many poor countries, together with most of the former communist states, have also become less religious. The survey is based in part on annual reports on international religious freedom by the U.S. State Department and the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, as well as publications by a variety of European and United Nations bodies and several independent, nongovernmental organizations. Among the nations surveyed in Latin America, a majority of Brazilians (59%) favor a more important role for religion, while support is lower in Mexico (42%) and Argentina (39%). Across 27 countries surveyed, more think religion plays a less important role than a more important role compared with 20 years ago, but there is substantial regional variation on this question. North American and European publics are especially likely to see religion playing a diminished role in recent times. 1615 L St. NW, Suite 800Washington, DC 20036USA In Israel, for instance, an Ethiopian Christian monk was reportedly injured by police officers who were attempting to evict him from his church.

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